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Puppy teeth ~ growth

A Berner puppy's set of milk teeth includes 28 deciduous teeth. Milk teeth are sharp.
A puppy's teeth begin to appear as early as 2 - 3 weeks of age. Puppies have 12 deciduous incisors which erupt at about 2 - 4 weeks of age, (three on either side/six all together are present in the upper and lower jaws). Behind the incisors, there are 4 deciduous canine teeth that erupt at about the same time (one on either side of the upper and lower jaws). Twelve deciduous premolars erupt when the pup is around 6 weeks, and are positioned behind the canines (three on each side, in the upper and lower jaws. Full deciduous dentition is usually present in Berner puppies by 6- 8 weeks of age.

Puppy Teeth ~ management ………

Just as with human children, puppies may experience a minor degree of discomfort when they cut milk teeth. Pups may become fussy or a “bitey” while cutting teeth. When a puppy is shedding milk teeth and growing adult teeth the jaws may become swollen and tender. Some pups may experience difficulty eating during this time. Softening kibble for pups with tender mouths may make eating a more comfortable experience. Some pups prefer crunchy food while their adult teeth are erupting. Puppies should be offered safe chew toys and processed or raw bones (cow femur bones are a good choice) while they are shedding deciduous teeth/ developing their permanent adult teeth.

General maintenance……

Did you know that dogs’ teeth age and have varying quality which affects how well their bites hold up over time? Like some people, individual dogs are genetically predisposed to dental disease. Symptoms of periodontal disease include: red and swollen gums, foul breath, tartar build-up on teeth, discoloration of teeth, poor appetite and painful chewing.

Berners may show few obvious signs that indicate they suffer from periodontal disease. Routine dental examinations by a veterinarian are important to maintain your Berner’s oral health. Many owners provide tartar control dog biscuits, chew toys, and processed or raw bones for their dogs to maintain condition of teeth. There are different canine tooth care products available. Brushing a dog’s teeth, using a hand held dental scaler to remove tartar and providing bones keeps most Berner teeth in reasonable to good condition. Each Berner will require management specifically designed to meet its unique oral hygene needs.

Veterinarians may use anesthesia and an ultrasonic dental scaler to clean dogs’ teeth. Price for veterinary teeth cleaning varies depending on the condition of the teeth, whether anesthetic is used, on the size of the dog and on whether additional veterinary services are required (pre-surgery blood panel or other lab tests).

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